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Mar 10, - 26 min - Uploaded by LearnCode. Reaction is a eCommerce platform developed with Meteor, which uses Node. This belief of the universe having no beginning had held the upper hand in scientific circles even though the very next law, the second law of thermodynamics, 'entropy', or the law of universal decay into equilibrium, had raised some serious doubts about the validity of believing the universe had no beginning. As well in mathematics, in overlapping congruence with entropy, the mathematical impossibility of a temporal infinite regression of causes demanded a beginning for the universe; i.
If there's a beginning, must there be a cause for that beginning? Does God Exist? Einstein's general relativity equation has now been extended to confirm not only did matter and energy have a beginning in the Big Bang, but space-time also had a beginning. The Big Bang was an absolute origin of space-time, matter-energy, and as such demands a cause which transcends space-time, matter-energy. One line of evidence arises from the smallest indivisible unit of time; Planck time: Planck time Excerpt: One Planck time is the time it would take a photon travelling at the speed of light to cross a distance equal to one Planck length.
Within the framework of the laws of physics as we understand them today, for times less than one Planck time apart, we can neither measure nor detect any change. It is also interesting to note that materialists, instead of honestly dealing with the obvious theistic implications of quantum mechanics, will many times invoke something called Everett's Many Worlds interpretation, also referred to as decoherence, when dealing with quantum mechanics. Yet this 'solution' ends up creating profound absurdities of logic rather than providing any rational solution: Quantum mechanics Excerpt: The Everett many-worlds interpretation, formulated in , holds that all the possibilities described by quantum theory simultaneously occur in a multiverse composed of mostly independent parallel universes.
For me, I find that type of 'flexible thinking', stemming from Many Worlds, to be completely absurd!!! Moreover, that one example from Many Worlds, of Elvis being President, is just small potatoes to the levels of absurdity that we would actually be witnessing if Many Worlds were the truth for how reality was constructed. As a interesting sidelight to this, Einstein hated the loss of determinism that quantum mechanics brought forth to physics, as illustrated by his infamous 'God does not play dice' quote. I find this statement to be especially true now that conscious observation is shown to be primary to quantum wave collapse to a quasi-3D particle state, for how could our thoughts truly be free if they were merely the result of particle fluctuations in our brain, whether random or deterministic fluctuations of particles?
Moreover as is quite obvious to most people, free will is taken as seriously true by all societies, or else why should we spank our children or punish anybody in jails if they truly had no free will to control their actions? Indeed what right would God have to judge anyone if they truly had no free will? Some years ago the journal Christianity Today suggested precisely that. It is true that QM is a daunting subject. This barrier is largely responsible for the fear.
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But when the veil is torn away, the study of QM builds a remarkably robust Christian apologetic. Additional analysis shows two are exclusive to theism. The third can be formulated with or without God.
The last is consistent only with atheism. By considering additional criteria, options that deny God can be shown to be false. This following experiment extended Wheeler's delayed choice double slit experiment, which I referenced earlier, to highlight the centrality of 'information' in the Double Slit Experiment and refutes any 'detector centered' arguments for why the wave collapses:. It is also very interesting to note that some materialists seem to have a very hard time grasping the simple point of these extended double slit experiments, but to try to put it more clearly; To explain an event which defies time and space, as the quantum erasure experiment clearly does, you cannot appeal to any material entity in the experiment like the detector, or any other 3D physical part of the experiment, which is itself constrained by the limits of time and space.
To give an adequate explanation for defying time and space one is forced to appeal to a transcendent entity which is itself not confined by time or space. To see the Universe as it really is, we must abandon our tendency to conceptualize observations as things.
A common way to evade the mental universe is to invoke "decoherence" - the notion that "the physical environment" is sufficient to create reality, independent of the human mind. Yet the idea that any irreversible act of amplification is necessary to collapse the wave function is known to be wrong: in "Renninger-type" experiments, the wave function is collapsed simply by your human mind seeing nothing.
The universe is entirely mental,,,, The Universe is immaterial — mental and spiritual. Live, and enjoy. But this has happened without the observer actually "observing" anything at all! It is purely a result of a change in the observer's knowledge about what is going on in the experiment. The detector is completely removed as to being the primary cause of quantum wave collapse in the experiment.
Why, who makes much of a miracle? A unique entity with a superior quality of existence when compared to the uncertain 3D particles of the material universe. Psalm How precious concerning me are your thoughts, O God! How vast is the sum of them! Were I to count them, they would outnumber the grains of sand. When I awake, I am still with you. Darwinian Evolution Vs. Eileen P. Vining; In further comment from the neuro-surgeons in the John Hopkins study: "Despite removal of one hemisphere, the intellect of all but one of the children seems either unchanged or improved.
Intellect was only affected in the one child who had remained in a coma, vigil-like state, attributable to peri-operative complications. But now we show it is most of all like a river that reacts to storms of activity by moving and changing fast. In the following video, Dr. Lloyd Rudy, a pioneer of cardiac surgery, tells stories of two patients who came back to life after being declared dead, and what they told him. It was found that in the NDE sample, about half had been blind from birth.
And of course, that was a hard place for me to get, coming from being a card-toting reductive materialist over decades. Of interest to Near Death Experiences is the fact that many Experiencers say that when they look at their body, while having a Near Death Experience, they find that their body is made of light. Well interestingly, it is found that humans emit 'ultra-weak' light; Cellular Communication through Light Excerpt: Information transfer is a life principle.
The subjects view a computer screen on which appear at randomly varying intervals a series of images, some of which are emotionally neutral, and some of which are highly emotional violent, sexual In Radin and Bierman's early studies, skin conductance of a finger was used to measure physiological response They found that subjects responded strongly to emotional images compared to neutral images, and that the emotional response occurred between a fraction of a second to several seconds BEFORE the image appeared! Recently Professor Bierman University of Amsterdam repeated these experiments with subjects in an fMRI brain imager and found emotional responses in brain activity up to 4 seconds before the stimuli.
Moreover he looked at raw data from other laboratories and found similar emotional responses before stimuli appeared. He suggests that the oscillations are synchronized from some common source, but the actual source has never been located. Hurtak, Ph. They were also much more complicated than the simple phase-locked oscillations and always matched each other in amplitude as well as in frequency.
The preceding 'quantum evidence' provides a foundation for a plausible 'transcendent mechanism' for the following study: Bridging the Gap - October Excerpt: Like a bridge that spans a river to connect two major metropolises, the corpus callosum is the main conduit for information flowing between the left and right hemispheres of our brains.
Now, neuroscientists at the California Institute of Technology Caltech have found that people who are born without that link—a condition called agenesis of the corpus callosum, or AgCC—still show remarkably normal communication across the gap between the two halves of their brains. Do Conscious Thoughts Cause Behavior?
Baumeister, E. Masicampo, and Kathleen D. Vohs - Excerpt: The evidence for conscious causation of behavior is profound, extensive, adaptive, multifaceted, and empirically strong. And as soon as the function of brain has been lost, like in clinical death or in brain death, with iso-electricity on the EEG, memories and consciousness do still exist, but the reception ability is lost. People can experience their consciousness outside their body, with the possibility of perception out and above their body, with identity, and with heightened awareness, attention, well-structured thought processes, memories and emotions.
And later they can experience their conscious return into their body. In fact, one synapse may contain on the order of 1, molecular-scale switches. A single human brain has more switches than all the computers and routers and Internet connections on Earth. I once asked a evolutionist, after showing him the preceding experiment, "Since you ultimately believe that the 'god of random chance' produced everything we see around us, what in the world is my mind doing pushing your god around?
Here a Darwinian Psychologist has a moment of honesty facing the 'hard problem' that consciousness presents to materialism; Darwinian Psychologist David Barash Admits the Seeming Insolubility of Science's "Hardest Problem" Excerpt: 'But the hard problem of consciousness is so hard that I can't even imagine what kind of empirical findings would satisfactorily solve it. In fact, I don't even know what kind of discovery would get us to first base, not to mention a home run. He talks about his background and work, the philosophy of mind, what reason or reasoning is, what materialism is as a worldview, things excluded from a materialistic worldview, methodological naturalism and materialism, accounting for free will, materialistic accounts of reason, the epistemological argument from reason, the ontological argument from reason, finding the best explanation for reason, problems with methodological naturalism, implications of materialism, practical application of the argument from reason, advice for apologists, the International Academy of Apologetics, and more.
Is the Brain Just an Illusion? I find it very interesting that the materialistic belief of the universe being stable, and infinite in duration, was so deeply rooted in scientific thought that Albert Einstein , when he was shown his general relativity equation indicated a universe that was unstable and would 'draw together' under its own gravity, added a cosmological constant to his equation to reflect a stable universe rather than entertain the thought that the universe had a beginning.
He was also severely misled in the Bohr—Einstein debates in which he was repeatedly proven wrong in challenging the 'spooky action at a distance' postulations of the emerging field of quantum mechanics. The following is an interesting exchange between Bohr and Einstein: God does not play dice with the cosmos. Albert Einstein. In response Niels Bohr said, Do not presume to tell God what to do. Though many words could be written on the deep underlying philosophical issues of that exchange between Bohr and Einstein, my take on the whole matter is summed up nicely, and simply, in the following verse and video: Proverbs The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decision is from the LORD.
Chance vs. When astronomer Edwin Hubble published empirical evidence indicating a beginning for the universe, Einstein ended up calling the cosmological constant, he had added to his equation, the biggest blunder of his life. But then again mathematically speaking, Einstein's 'fudge factor' was not so much of a blunder after all. In the 's a highly modified cosmological constant, representing the elusive 'Dark Energy' to account for the accelerated expansion of the universe, was reintroduced into general relativity equations to explain the discrepancy between the ages of the oldest stars in the Milky Way galaxy and the age of the universe.
Universal, and transcendent, constants that seem to have no other apparent reason for being at precise values than to enable carbon-based life to be possible in this universe. These transcendent universal constants dramatically demonstrate the need for a infinitely powerful transcendent Creator, to account for the fact the universe is apparently the stunning work of a master craftsman who had carbon-based life in mind as His final goal.
If the avalanche of incoming scientific evidence keeps going in the same direction as it has been going for the last century, and there is no hint the evidence will change directions, human beings, warts and all, could once again be popularly viewed as God's ultimate purpose for creating this universe. Man and the earth beneath his feet could very well be looked at as the 'center of the universe' by both scientists and theologians. Genesis Then God said, "Let us make man in Our image, according to Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion A straight-forward interpretation of the anthropic hypothesis is simple in its proposition.
It proposes the entire universe, in all its grandeur, was purposely created by an infinitely powerful transcendent Creator specifically with human beings in mind as the end result. Therefore a strict interpretation of the anthropic hypothesis would propose that each level of the universe's development towards man may reflect the handiwork of such a Creator. Here are some resources reflecting that approach:. The investigative tool for the hypothesis is this: all the universe's 'links of chain' to the appearance of man may be deduced as 'intelligently designed' with what is termed 'irreducible complexity'.
The term 'irreducible complexity' was coined in molecular biology by biochemist Michael Behe PhD. Irreducible complexity is best understood by comparison. It is similar to saying each major part of a finely made Swiss watch is necessary for the watch to operate.
Take away any part and the watch will fail to operate. Though individual parts of the watch, or even a watch itself, may have some other purpose in some other system, the principle of integration for a specific singular purpose is a very anti-Darwinian concept that steadfastly resists materialistic explanation. In molecular biology the best known example for irreducible complexity, and thus for Intelligent Design, has become the bacterial flagellum. Rather, the problem extends far deeper than that. What we are now observing is the existence of irreducibly complex systems within irreducibly complex systems.
How random mutations, coupled with natural selection, could have assembled such a finely set-up system is a question to which I defy any Darwinist to give a sensible answer. Only proteins involved in protein export within the flagella assembly pathway type III secretion system and the basal-body have been kept Excerpt: I am convinced that the T3SS is almost certainly younger than the flagellum. If one aligns the amino acid sequences of the flagellar proteins that have homologous counterparts in the T3SS , and if one also aligns the amino acid sequences of the T3SS proteins, one finds that the T3SS protein amino acid sequences are much more conserved than the amino acid sequences of the flagellar proteins.
McIntosh per Casey Luskin - July Excerpt: many think that that debate has been settled by the work of Pallen and Matzke where an attempt to explain the origin of the bacterial flagellum rotary motor as a development of the Type 3 secretory system has been made. However, this argument is not robust simply because it is evident that there are features of both mechanisms which are clearly not within the genetic framework of the other. Presenting the Positive Case for Design - Casey Luskin - February 14, Excerpt: If you think of the flagellum like an outboard motor, and the T3SS like a squirt gun, the parts they share are the ones that allow them to be mounted on the bracket of a boat.
But the parts that give them their distinct functions -- propulsion or injection -- are not shared. I said that thinking you can explain the flagellum simply by referring me to the T3SS is like saying if you can account for the origin of the mounting-bracket on the back of you boat, then you've explained the origin of the motor too -- which obviously makes no sense.
Also, flagella are found in a more diverse range of bacterial species than T3SSs. In all irreducibly complex systems in which the cause of the system is known by experience or observation, intelligent design or engineering played a role the origin of the system. Put that single gene back in we restore motility. By definition the system is irreducibly complex.
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We've done that with all 35 components of the flagellum, and we get the same effect. Pitman, M. When we can consider applying quantum physics to flagella motor, we can find out the shift of energetic state and coherent state. While this type of movement may be totally random in some situations, in others motile bacteria bias this random walk. Richards February 9, Excerpt: what Dawkins has in mind is something like this: If it's unlikely that a bacterial flagellum could have arisen by chance or the Darwinian mechanism, then any agent that designed the flagellum would be even less likely.
Plantinga finds a fatal problem here. Dawkins defines complexity as the property of something that has parts "arranged in a way that is unlikely to have arisen by chance alone. According to Dawkins's own definition of complexity, therefore, God is not complex. One can make a similar point without invoking God. It doesn't follow that because an agent can produce organized complexity, that the agent is complex. Frankly, I don't think it makes sense to refer to any agent as "complex. So Dawkins's argument against the improbability of God's existence, and, a fortiori, the improbability of intelligent design, fails.
Functional information and the emergence of bio-complexity: Robert M. Hazen, Patrick L. Griffin, James M. Carothers, and Jack W. Szostak: Abstract: Complex emergent systems of many interacting components, including complex biological systems, have the potential to perform quantifiable functions. Accordingly, we define 'functional information,' I Ex , as a measure of system complexity. For a given system and function, x e. Functional information, which we illustrate with letter sequences, artificial life, and biopolymers, thus represents the probability that an arbitrary configuration of a system will achieve a specific function to a specified degree.
In each case we observe evidence for several distinct solutions with different maximum degrees of function, features that lead to steps in plots of information versus degree of functions. The resulting measured unit, which we call Functional bit Fit , is calculated from the sequence data jointly with the defined functionality variable. To demonstrate the relevance to functional bioinformatics, a method to measure functional sequence complexity was developed and applied to 35 protein families. It is interesting to note that many evolutionists are very evasive if questioned by someone to precisely define functional information.
In fact I've seen some die-hard evolutionists deny that information even exists in a cell. Many times evolutionists will try to say information is generated using Claude Shannon's broad definition of information, since 'non-functional' information bits may be considered information in his broad definition of information, yet, when looked at carefully, Shannon information completely fails to explain the generation of functional information. Mutations, epigenetics and the question of information Excerpt: By definition, a mutation in a gene results in a new allele.
There is no question that mutation defined as any change in the DNA sequence can increase variety in a population. However, it is not obvious that this necessarily means there is an increase in genomic information. Shannon information theory cannot measure FSC. FSC is invariably associated with all forms of complex biofunction, including biochemical pathways, cycles, positive and negative feedback regulation, and homeostatic metabolism. The algorithmic programming of FSC, not merely its aperiodicity, accounts for biological organization.
No empirical evidence exists of either RSC of OSC ever having produced a single instance of sophisticated biological organization. In any of the following null hypotheses , demonstrating a single exception would allow falsification. We invite assistance in the falsification of any of the following null hypotheses:. Null hypothesis 3 Statistically weighted means e. Null hypothesis 4 Computationally successful configurable switches cannot be set by chance, necessity, or any combination of the two, even over large periods of time.
We repeat that a single incident of nontrivial algorithmic programming success achieved without selection for fitness at the decision-node programming level would falsify any of these null hypotheses. This renders each of these hypotheses scientifically testable. We offer the prediction that none of these four hypotheses will be falsified. As well it is found that Claude Shannon's work on 'communication of information' actually fully supports Intelligent Design as is illustrated in the following video and article:. As well, William Dembski and Robert Marks have shown that the information found in life can be measured.
Moreover, it shows that this teleology can be measured in precise information-theoretic terms. In other words, the Dembski-Marks paper shows in order for gradual evolution to actually be true it cannot be random Darwinian evolution and that a 'Intelligent Designer' will have to somehow provide the additional functional information needed to make gradual evolution of increased functional complexity possible. Thus now the theoretical underpinnings, of random functional information generation by material processes, are completely removed from Darwinian ideology.
Yet even though God could very well have created life gradually, did God use gradual processes to create life on Earth? I don't think so. This following site has a general outline of the evidence that argues forcefully against the gradual model of Theistic evolutionists:. The main problem, for the secular model of neo-Darwinian evolution to overcome, is that no one has ever seen purely material processes generate functional 'prescriptive' information.
Is Life Unique? David L. Abel - January Concluding Statement: The scientific method itself cannot be reduced to mass and energy. Neither can language, translation, coding and decoding, mathematics, logic theory, programming, symbol systems, the integration of circuits, computation, categorizations, results tabulation, the drawing and discussion of conclusions. The prevailing Kuhnian paradigm rut of philosophic physicalism is obstructing scientific progress, biology in particular.
There is more to life than chemistry. All known life is cybernetic. Control is choice-contingent and formal, not physicodynamic. The Law further states that physicodynamic factors cannot cause formal processes and procedures leading to sophisticated function. Abel — Excerpt: Stunningly, information has been shown not to increase in the coding regions of DNA with evolution.
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Mutations do not produce increased information. Mira et al 65 showed that the amount of coding in DNA actually decreases with evolution of bacterial genomes, not increases. Konopka 68 found strong evidence against the contention of Subba Rao et al 69, 70 that information increases with mutations. The information content of the coding regions in DNA does not tend to increase with evolution as hypothesized. Konopka also found Shannon complexity not to be a suitable indicator of evolutionary progress over a wide range of evolving genes.
senjouin-kikishiro.com/images/fygyrogyl/2855.php Kok et al. As with Konopka, this finding is in the context of the change in mere Shannon uncertainty. The latter is a far more forgiving definition of information than that required for prescriptive information PI 21, 22, 33, It is all the more significant that mutations do not program increased PI. Prescriptive information either instructs or directly produces formal function. No increase in Shannon or Prescriptive information occurs in duplication. Don Johnson explains the difference between Shannon Information and Prescriptive Information, as well as explaining 'the cybernetic cut', in this following Podcast:.
Programming of Life - Dr. While neo-Darwinian evolution has no evidence that material processes can generate functional prescriptive information, Intelligent Design does have 'proof of principle' that information can 'locally' violate the second law and generate potential energy: Maxwell's demon demonstration turns information into energy - November Excerpt: Until now, demonstrating the conversion of information to energy has been elusive, but University of Tokyo physicist Masaki Sano and colleagues have succeeded in demonstrating it in a nano-scale experiment.
In a paper published in Nature Physics they describe how they coaxed a Brownian particle to travel upwards on a "spiral-staircase-like" potential energy created by an electric field solely on the basis of information on its location. As the particle traveled up the staircase it gained energy from moving to an area of higher potential, and the team was able to measure precisely how much energy had been converted from information.
After much reading, research, and debate with evolutionists, I find the principle of Genetic Entropy loss of functional information to be the true principle for all 'beneficial' biological adaptations which directly contradicts unguided neo-Darwinian evolution.
As well, unlike Darwinian evolution which can claim no primary principles in science to rest its claim on for the generation of functional information, Genetic Entropy can rest its foundation in science directly on the twin pillars of the Second Law of Thermodynamics and on the Law of Conservation Of Information LCI; Dembski,Marks Null Hypothesis;Abel. This is, for the vast majority of times, measurable as loss of genetic diversity in genomes.
This phase of Genetic Entropy is verified, in one line of evidence, by the fact all population genetics' studies show a consistent loss of genetic diversity from a parent species for all sub-species that have adapted away Maciej Giertych. This fact is also well testified to by plant and animal breeders who know there are strict limits to the amount of variability you can expect when breeding for any particular genetic trait.
The second line of evidence, this primary phase of the principle of Genetic Entropy is being rigorously obeyed, is found in the fact the 'Fitness Test' against a parent species of bacteria has never been violated by any sub-species of a parent bacteria. Gauger experimentally tested two-step adaptive paths that should have been within easy reach for bacterial populations. Listen in and learn what Dr. Gauger was surprised to find as she discusses the implications of these experiments for Darwinian evolution.
Is Antibiotic Resistance evidence for evolution? This following study demonstrated that bacteria which had gained antibiotic resistance by mutation are less fit than wild type bacteria:: Testing the Biological Fitness of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria - Excerpt: Therefore, in order to simulate competition in the wild, bacteria must be grown on minimal media. Minimal media mimics better what bacteria experience in a natural environment over a period of time.
This is the place where fitness can be accurately assessed. Given a rich media, they grow about the same. Starving bacteria fight antibiotics harder? This effect is widely recognized, and is called the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance.